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The Old Testament To The New Testament: The Concept Of Sacrifice For The Forgiveness Of Sins

Updated: Nov 5, 2023

Old Testament Animal Sacrifice

1. Requirement of Sacrifice:

The Old Testament outlines a complex system of sacrifices for the Israelites, including various types of offerings like burnt offerings, grain offerings, and sin offerings.

2. Conditions for Sacrifice:

The animals offered must be without blemish, fulfilling certain criteria for perfection. Lambs are often less than a year old.

3. Shedding of Blood:

The foundational principle in this system is that forgiveness of sins requires the shedding of blood. Rituals often entail a priest sprinkling the blood of the animal on an altar.

4. Imperfection of the System:

While the system is intricate and strictly followed, it is also recognized within the Old Testament itself that these offerings are not a perfect or permanent solution to sin.

5. Promise of Future Redemption:

Within the Old Testament narrative, there are indications of a future, more effective sacrifice, as seen when a ram caught in a thicket replaces Isaac during Abraham's near-sacrifice.

New Testament Final Sacrifice

1. Inadequacy of Animal Sacrifices:

The New Testament begins by addressing the limitations of the Old Testament sacrificial system, stating that the blood of bulls and goats cannot genuinely remove sin.

2. Yahshua Hamashiach as the Perfect Sacrifice:

Yahshua Hamashiach is introduced as a "Lamb without blemish," fulfilling the Old Testament criteria for a perfect sacrifice.

3. Shedding of Blood:

Like the Old Testament, the shedding of blood is critical for the forgiveness of sins, and this is accomplished through the crucifixion of Yahshua Hamashiach.

4. Perfection and Permanence:

Unlike the animal sacrifices, the sacrifice of Yahshua Hamashiach is presented as both perfect and permanent, offering true and eternal forgiveness for sins.

5. Fulfillment of the Promise:

Yahshua Hamashiach is portrayed as the fulfillment of the divine promise to provide a more effective sacrifice, similar to how the ram was provided as a substitute for Isaac.


1. Criteria for Perfection:

Both systems emphasize the importance of a sacrifice without blemish or defect.

2. Shedding of Blood:

Both the Old and New Testaments adhere to the principle that the shedding of blood is necessary for forgiveness


3. Promise and Fulfillment:

The Old Testament's sacrificial system serves as a foreshadowing of a greater sacrifice, fulfilled in the New Testament by Yahshua Hamashiach.

4. Role of the Divine:

In both cases, the divine entity is the provider of the sacrifice—either through the detailed commandments for specific animals in the Old Testament or through the person of Yahshua Hamashiach in the New Testament.

5. Permanence vs. Impermanence:

While the Old Testament system requires ongoing offerings, the New Testament introduces the idea that the sacrifice of Yahshua Hamashiach is sufficient for eternal forgiveness.

The narrative thus shifts from the imperfection and temporality of animal sacrifices to the perfection and eternity of Yahshua Hamashiach's sacrifice, embodying a journey from temporary atonement to eternal redemption.


Copyright: TEOTW Ministries

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