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Analyzing Daniel 7: Is the Figure King David or Divine King Yahshua?

Introduction:

The passage in Daniel 7 stands as a pivotal and widely discussed segment of biblical literature, offering a portrayal of a figure interpreted either as the historical King David or as the divine King Yahshua. This exploration seeks to delve into the complexities and theological underpinnings of this chapter, specifically focusing on the concepts of divine essence and attributes.


Divine essence refers to the fundamental nature or inherent qualities that make an entity divine or godly. It encompasses characteristics such as eternality, omnipotence, omnipresence, and omniscience – traits that are typically ascribed to a supreme being or deity. In the context of the Bible, divine essence often pertains to the qualities that set the divine apart from the human or mortal realm.


Divine attributes, on the other hand, are specific qualities or characteristics attributed to a divine being. These can include aspects like mercy, justice, wisdom, and holiness. In theological discussions, understanding these attributes helps in comprehending how the divine interacts with the world and humanity.


In examining Daniel 7:13-14, we aim to understand whether the figure described embodies the divine essence and attributes typically associated with a deity, and how this aligns with traditional and New Testament perspectives. By comparing the traditional Israelite view of kingship, as exemplified by King David, with the New Testament descriptions of Yahshua's divine nature, we will explore the nuances and implications of divine essence and attributes in this profound biblical text. Through this analysis, we aspire to provide clarity on the intricate relationship between historical context, theological interpretation, and the overarching divine narrative within the Scriptures.

Daniel 7:13-14: Analysis with King David as the Figure


1. Divine Attributes and Worship: The figure in Daniel 7 receives worship and possesses everlasting dominion, attributes typically ascribed to Yah in the Hebrew Scriptures. If this figure is interpreted as King David, it raises theological concerns, as attributing divine worship and eternal dominion to a historical human king conflicts with monotheistic principles. This could be considered idolatrous, placing a historical human figure in a divine status.


2. Everlasting Dominion and Resurrection: The notion of everlasting dominion for David implies a belief in his resurrection and eternal rule. However, this concept is not explicitly supported in the Hebrew Scriptures, where David is depicted as a mortal king chosen by Yah.


Daniel 7:13-14: Analysis with Yahshua as the Figure


1. Avatar of Yah: In the New Testament, Yahshua is portrayed as the physical manifestation of Yah. Colossians 1:15 states, "He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn over all creation." This aligns with Daniel 7's depiction of a figure with divine attributes who receives worship, fitting the New Testament view of Yahshua's dual nature as both divine and human.


2. Worship and Divine Nature: Worship of Yahshua, as depicted in the New Testament, is not seen as idolatrous because it aligns with the worship of Yah. Yahshua's divine nature, as outlined in the New Testament, provides a coherent understanding of the divine attributes and worship described in Daniel 7.


Psalm 2:12: Analysis in Both Contexts


1. The Call to Trust: The latter part of Psalm 2:12, "Blessed are all they that put their trust in him," invites a deeper theological contemplation. In the Hebrew Scriptures, trust is predominantly directed toward Yah. For instance, Proverbs 3:5 advises, "Trust in the Lord [Yah] with all your heart," emphasizing that Yah is the ultimate object of trust and reliance. The call to place such trust in the figure referred to in Psalm 2:12, therefore, elevates the status of this figure beyond that of a typical human ruler.


2. Israelite Context with King David: If the verse is applied to an Israelite king like David, this call for trust extends beyond conventional loyalty to a king. Such a directive would be unusual, as it parallels the kind of trust typically reserved for Yah. While kings were respected and seen as Yah’s representatives, directing complete trust to them, akin to trust in Yah, was not a standard scriptural theme. This could suggest that the figure in Psalm 2:12 might possess a more profound significance than a traditional earthly king.


3. New Testament Context with Yahshua: In the New Testament, this verse takes on a different dimension. The call to trust in "the Son" aligns seamlessly with biblical teachings about Yahshua's divine nature. Trust in Yahshua, in this interpretation, is not just respect for a divine emissary but trust in a figure who embodies divinity itself. This reflects the New Testament doctrine of Yahshua’s unity with Yah, where trusting Yahshua is akin to trusting Yah, thereby aligning with the divine characteristic of being the ultimate object of trust. The directive in Psalm 2:12 to “put their trust in him” has significant implications for the identity and nature of the figure mentioned. In an Israelite context, such a directive would be extraordinary for a human king and could imply a deeper, possibly divine, aspect of the figure. In the New Testament context, this aligns with beliefs in Yahshua's divinity, where trust in him is equated with trust in the divine. This phrase thus serves as a critical point of theological reflection, suggesting that the figure in Psalm 2:12 is not merely a human ruler but may possess divine qualities or be a divine being himself.


Conclusion


- If the Figure is King David: Interpreting the figure in Daniel 7 as King David introduces significant theological challenges, as it implies divine worship and eternal rule attributed to a historical human figure, conflicting with the monotheistic worship structure of the Hebrew Scriptures.


- If the Figure is Yahshua: Viewing Yahshua as the figure in Daniel 7 aligns with the New Testament's depiction of his divine nature. This interpretation accommodates the divine attributes and worship in Daniel 7, seeing Yahshua as the visible representation of Yah, making worship of Yahshua congruent with worship of Yah.


In summary, interpreting the figure in Daniel 7:13-14 as King David poses potential conflicts with the monotheistic framework of the Hebrew Scriptures and would imply an act of idolatry in the Hebrew culture. Conversely, understanding the figure as Yahshua, as articulated in the New Testament, particularly in Colossians 1:15, provides a cohesive interpretation of the divine attributes and worship described in the passage.





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